Kvass minangka omben-omben tradisional Slavia lan Baltik sing difermentasi umume digawé saka roti rai, sing dikenal ing pirang-pirang negara Eropa Tengah lan Asia Timur [1][2] minangka " roti ireng ". Werna roti sing digunakake nyebabake warna minuman sing diasilake. Kvass diklasifikasikaké minangka omben-omben "non-alkohol" miturut standar Ukraina, Belarus, Rusia, Latvia, Lituania, Polandia, Hongaria, Serbia, lan Rumania .   amarga isi alkohol saka fermentasi umume kurang (0,5-1,0% utawa 1-2 bukti ).[3] Bisa uga dirasakake nganggo woh-wohan kaya ta stroberi utawa kismis, utawa kanggo tanduran kaya ta mint .[4] Kvass kawentar banget ing Rusia.[5][6][7]

Kvass
Mint bread kvas.jpg
A mug of kvass
Jeneng liyanéКвас, хлібний квас, kwas chlebowy (bread kvass), kvas, kvasz, kawas, cvas, gira, kali
JinisFermented non-alcoholic drink, sometimes of very low alcohol content - occasionally higher
AjanganBeverage
Tlatah utawa prajaCentral and Eastern Europe, Baltic states, North Caucasus, Post-Soviet states, Xinjiang, Heilongjiang
DigawéEast Slavs
Hawa ajanganCold or room temperature
Woworan pokokRye bread, water, yeast,
sometimes flavoured with fruit, raisins, honey
VariasiFlavoured with fruit
Ènergi panganan
(per ajangan)
Circa 30–100 kcal
Buku masakan: Kvass  Médhia: Kvass

RujukanBesut

  1. Bradley, Mayhew (2001). Mongolia (3rd ed.). Footscray, Vic.: Lonely Planet. p. 165. ISBN 1-86450064-6. OCLC 48591433.
  2. "Asian American: Chinese Thirst for Kvass Draws Wahaha into Russian Niche". Goldsea. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  3. Ian Spencer Hornsey. A history of beer and brewing, p. 8. Royal Society of Chemistry, 2003. "A similar, low alcohol (0.5–1.0%) drink, kvass… may be a 'fossil beer'".
  4. Katz, Sandor (2003). Wild Fermentation. White River Junction, VA: Chelsea Green. p. 121. ISBN 1-931498-23-7.
  5. Baxter, Dudley; Magkoeva, Isabelle (2016-03-15). "This 1,000-Year-Old Bread Drink Is Becoming More Popular Than Beer in Russia". Vice. Retrieved 2019-07-06.
  6. "Kvas – more popular in Russia than Coca Cola". RNZ (in Inggris). 2018-06-25. Retrieved 2019-07-06.
  7. Pokhlebkin, Pokhlebkin, Vasilʹevich, William (1991). A History of Vodka. Russia, United Kingdom: Verso. p. 14. ISBN 0860913597.