Lenga mawar

Minyak mawar ( otto mawar, attar mawar, attar mawar utawa inti mawar ) minangka salah sawijining jinis minyak esensial sing diekstrak saka kelopak macem-macem jinis mawar . Ottos mawar diekstrak liwat distilasi uap, [1] nalika absolut mawar [2] dipikolehi liwat ekstraksi pelarut, absolut digunakake luwih umum ing minyak wangi . Teknik produksi diwiwiti saka Persia . [3] [4] Sanajan rega larang lan ana sintesis organik, minyak mawar isih bisa dadi minyak esensial minyak wangi sing paling akeh digunakake.

Minyak esensial Rose ( Rosa damascena ) ing botol kaca bening


  1. "Chemical profile and sensory evaluation of Bulgarian rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) aroma products, isolated by different techniques". Journal of Essential Oil research. 33. 2021. doi:10.1080/10412905.2020.1839583.
  2. "Chemical profiling of Bulgarian rose absolute (Rosa damascena Mill.) using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry and trimethylsilyl derivatives". Industrial Crops and Products. 108: 36–43. 2017. doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.06.007.
  3. Nikbakht, Ali (2004). "A study on the relationships between Iranian people and Damask rose (Rosa damascena) and its therapeutic and healing properties". researchgate. The origin of Damask rose is the Middle East and it is the national flower of Iran. Rose oil usage dates back to ancient civilization of Persia. Avicenna, the 10th century Persian physician, distilled its petals for medical purposes and commercial distillery existed in 1612 in Shiraz, Persia.
  4. Mahboubi, Mohaddese (2016). "Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine". Science direct. Rosa damascena Mill is the hybrid between R. gallica and R. Phoenicia and is the member of Rosaceae family with more than 200 species and 18,000 cultivars around the world. R. damascena as the king of flowers has been the symbol of love, purity, faith and beauty since the ancient times. It was originated from Iran and essential oil extracting from its flowers has been started since 7th century A.D.