WP:IPA kanggo basa Turki lan Azerbaijani

Tabel ing ngisor iki nuduhaké cara International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) maca pocapan Basa Turki, Basa Azerbaijan lan Basa Turkmen ing artikel Wikipedia.

Konsonan
IPA Tuladha Padhanan ing Basa Inggris
Turki Azerbaijan Turkménistan
b b about
d d ado
c (Turkish/Azeri), j (Turkmen) dodge
f ɸ f food
ɡ g[1] ago
ɟ g[1] gear
ɰ ɣ ğ [2]
ʝ ğ[2] [2]
h [3] h home
j y (Turkish/Azeri), ý (Turkmen) yet
k q k (Turkish/Turkmen), q (Azeri)[1] skill; (Azeri/Turkmen) k in the throat
c [4] k k[1] ski
l l lâle 'tulip'[1] leaf
ɫ lala 'tutor'[1] wool
m m much
n n not
ŋ ň (Turkmen) wing
p p span
ɾ r (US) ladder; Scottish r
s θ s sue; think
ʃ ş shoe
t t stable
ç catch
v [5] β v (Turkish/Azeri), w (Turkmen) vase, how[5]; as Spanish lava
x x (Azeri), h (Turkmen)[4] Bach
z ð z zone; then
ʒ j (Turkish/Azeri), ž (Turkmen) beige
Vowels
IPA Examples English equivalent
a dal 'branch' Spanish or French a to English dull
ɑ Azərbaycan (Azeri) bra
æ Azərbaycan (Azeri) Äzerbeýjan (Turkmen) cat
e gelin 'bride' very
i dil 'tongue' between dill and deal
o yol 'way' old
ø gör 'to see' German ö
u uçak 'airplane' loot but shorter
ɯ ılık (Turkish/Azeri) 'mild' ylyk (Turkmen) rather like look
y güneş 'sun' German ü or French u


Suprasegmentals
IPA Examples
ˈ torbalı [torbaˈlɯ] 'with bag'
Torbalı [ˈtorbalɯ] (a place name)

[6]

ː â, û, ğ[2] âlem [aːlem] 'world'

CathetanBesut

  1. a b c d e f [c ~ k] (Turkish) / [c ~ q] (Azeri) / [k ~ q] (Turkmen), [ɟ ~ ɡ](Turkish/Azeri) / [ɡ ~ ʁ] (Turkmen), [l ~ ɫ] only contrast in loan words before <â, û> vs. <a, u>; in native words, [c/k, ɟ/ɡ, l] occur before the front vowels ([e], [i], [ø], [y]), while [k/q, ɡ, ɫ] occur before the back vowels ([a], [o], [u], [ɯ]).
  2. a b c d Between front vowels ([e], [i], [ø], [y]), ğ is similar to English y. Between back vowels ([a], [o], [u], [ɯ]), it is a very light [ɰ] sound, like Spanish trigo. Word-finally or before a consonant, it lengthens the preceding vowel.
  3. In Turkmen, [h] occurs before front vowels ([e], [i], [ø], [y]) while [x] occurs before back vowels ([a], [o], [u], [ɯ]).
  4. a b In many eastern Turkish/Azeri dialects, [c] at the end of a word or before a voiceless consonant may become [ç] as in huge.
  5. a b /v/ may be [w] after a vowel or in some loanwords.
  6. In Turkish proper, excepting certain unstressed suffixes and stressed verb tenses, proper nouns are typically stressed on the 2nd or 3rd last syllable, and other words on the last syllable.