Kösem Sultan

Kösem Sultan ([cøˈsem sulˈtan]) (jeneng lengkap Devletlu İsmetlu Haseki Mahpeyker Kösem Buyuk Valide Sultan Aliyyetü'ş-Şân Hazretleri; u. 1590 – 2 September 1651) – uga diarani minangka Mahpeyker Sultan[4] ([mahpejˈkeɾ sulˈtan]) – yaiku salah sijining wadon paling berkuasa ing sajarah Utsmaniyah.[4][5][6][7] Minangka permaisuri kinasih lan garwa sah saka Sultan Utsmaniyah Ahmed I (r. 1603–1617), ia entuk kekuasaan lan mengaruhi pulitik Kekaisaran Utsmaniyah liwat garwane, banjur kuwi liwat putra-putrane Murad IV (r. 1623–1640) lan Ibrahim (r. 1640–1648), lan pungkasan liwat putune Mehmed IV (r. 1648–1687). Ia dadi Valide Sultan[4] nalika putra-putrane Murad IV lan Ibrahim ngejabat minangka sultan Utsmaniyah. Ia menika figur berpengaruh ing wektu Kesultanan Wadon. Sawise seda, ia dikenal kanthi jeneng "Valide-i Maktule" (ibu sing dipateni), lan "Valide-i Șehide" (ibu sing dadi martir).[8]

Kösem Sultan
كوسم سلطان
Kösem portrait (cropped).jpg
Naib-i-Sultanat Kekaisaran Utsmaniyah
(periode kapisan)
Perwalian10 September 1623 – 18 Mei 1632
LeluhurOra ana
SultanMurad IV
(periode kapindho)
Perwalian8 Agustus 1648 – 2 September 1651
PanerusTurhan Hatice Sultan
SultanMehmed IV
Valide Sultan Kekaisaran Utsmaniyah
Tenure10 September 1623 – 2 September 1651
LeluhurHalime Sultan
PanerusTurhan Hatice Sultan
Haseki Sultan Kekaisaran Utsmaniyah
Tenure26 November 1605 – 22 November 1617
LeluhurSafiye Sultan
PanerusAyşe Sultan
LairAnastasia
u. 1589–1590
Tinos, Eyalet Morea, Kekaisaran Utsmaniyah[1]
(saiki teritorial saka Grikenlan)
Surud2 September 1651
Konstantinopel, Kekaisaran Utsmaniyah
AstanaFatih, Istanbul, ing mausoleum garwane Ahmed I
GariniAhmed I
PutraŞehzade Mehmed
Şehzade Selim
Murad IV
Şehzade Kasim
Şehzade Suleiman
Ibrahim
Ayşe Sultan
Fatma Sultan
Gevherhan Sultan[2]
Hanzade Sultan[3]
Burnaz Atike Sultan
AgamaIslam, sadurunge Kristen Ortodoks

ReferensiBesut

CathetanBesut

  1. http://www.dr.com.tr/kitap/kara-kralice-kosem/demet-altinyeleklioglu/edebiyat/roman/turkiye-roman/urunno=0000000413240
  2. Singh, Nagendra Kr (2000). International encyclopaedia of Islamic dynasties. Anmol Publications PVT. kc. 423–424. ISBN 81-261-0403-1. Through her beauty and intelligence, Kösem Walide was especially attractive to Ahmed I, and drew ahead of more senior wives in the palace. She bore the sultan four sons – Murad, Süleyman, Ibrahim and Kasim – and three daughters – 'Ayşe, Fatma and Djawharkhan. These daughters she subsequently used to consolidate her political influence by strategic marriages to different viziers.
  3. Peirce, Leslie P. (1993), The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire, Oxford University Press, kc. 365, ISBN 0195086775
  4. a b c Douglas Arthur Howard, The official History of Turkey, Greenwood Press, isbn= 0-313-30708-3, p. 195
  5. Bator, Robert, – Rothero, Chris (2000). Daily Life in Ancient and Modern Istanbul. Twenty-First Century Books. kc. 42. ISBN 0-8225-3217-4. When such a son became sultan, his slave mother would become the most powerful woman in the Ottoman Empire. The Macedonian slave Kösem earned this distinction{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. Akbar, M. J. (2002). The Shade of Swords: Jihad and the Conflict Between Islam and Christianity. Routledge. kc. 89. ISBN 0-415-28470-8. His mother, Valide Kosem, said to be the most powerful woman in the history of the dynasty, ruled in his name.
  7. Westheimer, Ruth Karola, – Kaplan, Steven (2001). Power. University of Virginia: Madison Books. kc. 19. ISBN 1-56833-230-0. Maypeyker Sultan, better known as Kösem Sultan, is remembered by the Turks as the most powerful woman of her time{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. Necdet Sakaoğlu (2007). Famous Ottoman women. Avea. kc. 129.
Ottoman
Kang sadurungé
Safiye Sultan
Haseki Sultan
26 November 1605 – 22 November 1617
Kang sawisé
Ayşe Sultan
Kang sadurungé
Halime Sultan
Valide Sultan
10 September 1623 – 3 September 1651
Kang sawisé
Turhan Hatice Sultan
Kang sadurungé
Ora ana
Naib-i-Sultanat
10 September 1623 – 18 Mei 1632 dan
8 Agustus 1648 – 3 September 1651
Kang sawisé
Turhan Hatice Sultan

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