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Benguk
Mucuna pruriens flower.jpg
Kembang benguk
Klasifikasi ngèlmiah
Karajan: Plantae
Unranked: Angiosperms
Unranked: Eudicots
Unranked: Rosids
Ordho: Fabales
Famili: Fabaceae
Subfamili: Faboideae
Tribe: Phaseoleae
Génus: Mucuna
Spésies: M. pruriens
Jeneng binomial
Mucuna pruriens
(L.) DC.
Sinonim

Many, see text

Benguk utawa kara benguk ya iku sijining jinis tuwuhan kang uripé mrambat.

Nomenklatur lan taksonomiBesut

Jeneng umumBesut

  • Bieh ing Basa Madura
  • Ci mao li dou 刺毛黧豆 Basa Cina
  • Kara benguk ing Basa Jawa
  • Atmagupta (आत्मगुप्ता) utawa Kapikacchu (कपिकच्छु) ing Basa Sangskerta
  • Kiwanch (किवांच) or Konch (कोंच) ing Basa Hindi
  • Khaajkuiri ing Basa Marathi
  • Alkushi/আলকুশি ing Basa Bengali
  • Poonaikkaali ing Basa Tamil
  • Velvet bean, Donkey eye, Cowhage, Cowitch lan Buffalo beans ing Basa Inggris (sing pungkasan uga ngrujuk marang Thermopsis rhombifolia)
  • Juckbohne (Basa Jerman: "itch bean")[1]
  • Fogareté (ing Républik Dominika); Picapica (ing endi waé), ing Basa Spanyol
  • Kapikachu
  • Yerepe utawa warapa in Basa Yoruba
  • Duradagondi(దురదగొండి) in Basa Telugu
  • Feijão maluco, "mad bean" (ing Angola lan Mozambique); pó-de-mico, "itching powder", feijão-da-flórida, "Florida's bean", feijão-cabeludo-da-índia, "hairy/pilous Indian bean", feijão-de-gado, "cattle's bean", feijão-mucuna, "mucuna bean", feijão-veludo, "velvet bean", and mucuna-vilosa, "fleecy mucuna" (ing Brazil lan Portugal), ing Basa Portugis
  • Chitedze ing Basa Malawi
  • Naykuruna (ML:നായ്ക്കുരണ) ing Basa Malayalam
  • Mah mui (TH: หมามุ่ย) ing Basa Thailand
  • Đậu mèo rừng, đậu ngứa, móc mèo in Basa Viètnam
  • Kavach beej
  • Inyelekpe (ing Nigéria) ing Igala
  • Nasagunnikaayi inh Kanada
  • Upupu ing Basa Kiswahili
  • Baidanka in Basa Oriya
  • Pois mascate (Reunion Island) ing Basa Perancis
  • Wandhuru Mæ in Basa Sinhala

SubspèsiesBesut

  • Mucuna pruriens ssp. deeringiana (Bort) Hanelt
  • Mucuna pruriens ssp. pruriens[1]

VariétasBesut

  • Mucuna pruriens var. hirsuta (Wight & Arn.) Wilmot-Dear[2]
  • Mucuna pruriens var. pruriens (L.) DC. [3]
  • Mucuna pruriens var. sericophylla[2]
  • Mucuna pruriens var. utilis (Wall. ex Wight) L.H.Bailey is the non-stinging variety grown in Honduras.[4]

SinonimBesut

Synonyms of M. pruriens, M. pruriens ssp. pruriens and M. pruriens var. pruriens:

  • Carpopogon atropurpureum Roxb.
May also refer to M. atropurpurea
  • Carpogon capitatus Roxb.
  • Carpogon niveus Roxb.
  • Dolichos pruriens L.
  • Marcanthus cochinchinense Lour.
  • Mucuna atropurpurea sensu auct. non (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.
M. atropurpurea (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. is a valid species
  • Mucuna axillaris Baker
  • Mucuna bernieriana Baill.
  • Mucuna cochinchinense (Lour.) A. Chev.
  • Mucuna cochinchinensis (Lour.) A. Chev.
  • Mucuna esquirolii H. Lev.
  • Mucuna luzoniensis Merr.
  • Mucuna lyonii Merr.
  • Mucuna minima Haines
  • Mucuna nivea (Roxb.) DC.
  • Mucuna prurita Hook.
  • Mucuna velutina Hassk.
  • Negretia mitis Blanco
  • Mucuna prurita (L.) Hook.
  • Stizolobium atropurpureum (Roxb.) Kuntze
May also refer to M. atropurpurea
  • Stizolobium capitatum (Roxb.) Kuntze
  • Stizolobium cochinchinense (Lour.) Burk
  • Stizolobium niveum (Roxb.) Kuntze
  • Stizolobium pruritum (Wight) Piper
  • Stizolobium velutinum (Hassk.) Piper & Tracy

Synonyms of M. pruriens var. hirsuta:

  • Mucuna hirsuta Wight & Arn.

Synonyms of M. pruriens var. sericophylla:

  • Mucuna sericophylla Perkins

Synonyms of M. pruriens var. utilis:

  • Carpopogon capitatum Roxb.
  • Carpopogon niveum Roxb.
  • Macranthus cochinchinensis Lour.
  • Mucuna aterrima (Piper & Tracy) Holland
  • Mucuna atrocarpa F.P. Metcalf
  • Mucuna capitata Wight & Arn.
  • Mucuna deeringiana (Bort) Merr.
  • Mucuna hassjoo (Piper & Tracy) Mansf.
  • Mucuna martinii H. Lev. & Vaniot
  • Mucuna nivea (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.
  • Mucuna pruriens var. capitata Burck
  • Mucuna pruriens var. capitata (Wight & Arn.) Burck
  • Mucuna pruriens var. nivea (Roxb.)Haines
  • Mucuna utilis Wight
  • Stizolobium aterrimum Piper & Tracy
  • Stizolobium deeringianum Bort
  • Stizolobium hassjoo Piper & Tracy
  • Stizolobium pruriens (L.) Medik.
  • Stizolobium pruriens var. hassjoo (Piper & Tracy)Makino
  • Stizolobium utile (Wall. ex Wight) Ditmer

RujukanBesut

  1. a b Rätsch, Christian. Enzyklopädie der psychoaktiven Pflanzen. Botanik, Ethnopharmakologie und Anwendungen. Aarau: AT-Verl. k. 15. ISBN 978-3-85502-570-1. 
  2. a b "Mucuna pruriens information from NPGS/GRIN". www.ars-grin.gov. Dijupuk 2008-02-23. 
  3. Picapica
  4. http://drugpolicycentral.com/bot/index.cgi?xfml=1&max=100