Synapsids
Kalamangsa: 320-100Ma. Descendant taxon Mammalia survives to present.
Dimetrodon.jpg
Dimetrodon grandis skeleton at the National Museum of Natural History of U.S.A.
Klasifikasi ngèlmiah
Karajan: Sato kéwan
Filum: Chordata
Subfilum: Vertebrata
Infrafilum: Gnathostomata
Superklas: Tetrapoda
(Ora klebu) Amniota
Klas: Synapsida
Osborn, 1903
Orders & Suborders

For complete phylogeny, see text.

Sinonim
  • Theropsida

Synapsida ('fused arch'), utawa theropsida ('rai kéwan'), kelas sato kéwan sing kalebu mamalia lan saliyané amniota urip liyané.[1] Anggota non-mamalia karan reptil mèmper mamalia sajeroning sistematika klasik,[2][3] nanging karan "mamalia batang" utawa "proto-mammalia" sajeroning terminologi cladistic.

TaksonomiBesut

ClassificationBesut

FilogeniBesut

Synapsida


Caseasauria


Eupelycosauria


Varanopseidae




Ophiacodontidae




Edaphosauridae


Sphenacodontia


Sphenacodontidae


Therapsida

Biarmosuchia


Eotitanosuchus



Eutherapsida


Dinocephalia


Neotherapsida


Anomodontia


Theriodontia


Gorgonopsia


Eutheriodontia


Therocephalia


Cynodontia



Dvinia



Procynosuchidae



Epicynodontia


Thrinaxodon


Eucynodontia



Cynognathus


Probainognathia



Trithelodontidae



Chiniquodontidae





Prozostrodon


Mammaliaformes


Mammalia



















CathetanBesut

  1. Laurin and Reisz 2007.
  2. Carroll 1988: 397.
  3. Benton 2005: 122.

RéferènsiBesut

  • Benton, Michael J. (2005). Vertebrate Paleontology, 3rd ed. Oxford: Blackwell Science Ltd. ISBN 0-632-05637-1.
  • Bramble, D. M. (1993). "Mammalian locomotor-respiratory integration: Implications for diaphragmatic and pulmonary design". Science. 262 (5131): 235–240. doi:10.1126/science.8211141. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  • Carroll, Robert L. (1988). Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution. New York: W.H. Freeman & Co. ISBN 0-7167-1822-7.
  • Hopson, James A. (1987). "The Mammal-Like Reptiles: A Study of Transitional Fossils". The American Biology Teacher. 49 (1): 16–26.
  • Hoyt, Donald F. (1997). Synapsid Reptiles. Zoo 138 Vertebrate Zoology Home Page.
  • Lambert, David (2001). Dinosaur Encyclopedia. ISBN 0-7894-7935-4.
  • Laurin, Michel, and Robert R. Reisz (2007). Synapsida: Mammals and their extinct relatives. Version 6 April 2007. The Tree of Life Web Project.

WacanBesut

Uga delengenBesut

Pranala njabaBesut