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Ukrainians (Basa Ukrania: українці, ukrayintsi, [ukrɑˈjinʲtsʲi]) ya iku sawijining golongan ètnis Slav Wétan sing asli saka Ukraina, kanthi gunggung cacah jiwa paling akèh ping enem ing Éropah.[26] Konstitusi Ukraina ngecakaké istilah 'wong Ukraina' marang kabèh wargané. Sawenèh jeneng kunané ana wong Rusyn Ukraina (wong Ruthénia), Cossacks, lsp. bisa ditemokaké. Miturut sawenèh définisi bausastra, sawijining jeneng dèskriptif kanggo "sing ndunungi Ukraina" ya iku wong Ukrainian utawa warga Ukraina.[27] Wong Belarusia lan wong Rusia dianggep sadulur caketé wong Ukraina, déné wong Rusyn dianggep golongan sing caket gegandhèngané, utawa subgolongan ètnis wong Ukraina.

Wong Ukraina
українці
ukrayintsi
Gambar wong Hutsuls, sing ndunungi Pagunungan Carpathia, 1902
Gunggung cacah jiwa
u. 42–59 yuta [1][2]
Tlatah mawa cacah jiwa akèh
 Ukraina 37,541,693[3]
 Rusia1.927.988[4]
 Kanada1.251.170[nb 1][5]
Cithakan:Country data Amérikah Sarékat939.759[nb 1][6]
 Brazil500.000[nb 1][7]
 Moldova375.000[nb 1][8]
 Kazakhstan313.698 (2012)[9]
 Argèntina300.000[nb 1][10][11]
 Itali240.141[12]
 Jerman229.510[13][14]
 Bélarus159.000[15]
 Républik Céko126.613[16]
 Uzbekistan104.720 – 128.100[nb 1][17][18]
 Spanyol88.207[19]
 Portugal52.293[20]
 Polen51.000 (2011)[21]
 Rumeni51.703[22]
 Latvia45.699[23]
 Prancis35.000[butuh sitiran]
Basa
Basa Ukraina, Basa Rusia[24][25]
Golongan ètnik magepokan
Wong Slav liya, kususé Wong Slav Wétan liyané

Sebaran géografisBesut

 
"Peta Étnografisé Ukraina" dicithak sakbubaré Perang Donya II. Palemahan sing didunungi déning manéka warna ètnis awerna jambon.

Akèh-akèhé wong Ukraina manggon ana ing Ukraina, sing dumadi telung-prapat cacah jiwané. cacah jiwané wong Ukraina paling akèh sing dedunung ana sanjabane Ukraina ndunungi Rusia sing sawatara 1,9 yuta warga Rusia nganggep dhiriné minangka ètnis Ukraina, déné yutanan wong liyané (akèh-akèhé ing Rusia Kidul lan Sibéria) nduwé leluri wong Ukraina.[4] Kaya sing ndunungi Kuban, sing idhèntitasé ora cetha, minangka wong Ukraina, Rusia (idhèntitas sing diakoni karo réjim Sovyèt), lan "Cossack".[26] Udakara 800.000 wong sing leluriné wong Ukraina, ndunungi wewengkon Rusia Wétan Adoh, ing papan sing misuwur minangka "Rusia Ijo".[28]

Ana sawenèh panduga[when?] sing matara yèn wong asli Ukraina cacah 2,1 yuta dedunung ana ing Amérika Lor (1,2 yuta ing Kanada lan 890.000 ing Amérikah Sarékat). Wong Ukraina kanthi cacah sing lumayan akèh manggon ana ing Brazil (500.000),[nb 2] Moldova (375.000), Kazakhstan (kira-kira ana 333.000), Polen (diwatara saka 300.000 nganti 400.000), Argèntina (300.000),[10] Belarus (diwatara saka 250.000 nganti 300.000), Portugal (52.300), Rumeni (diwatara saka 60.000 nganti 90,000) lan Slovakia (55.000). Ing sawenèh papan, kaya ta ing Karajan Manunggal, Ostrali, Jerman, Latvia, Switserlan, Ostenrik, Itali, Irlandia, Swèdhen, lan sing biyèn dadi nagara Yugoslavia uga ana diaspora wong-wong Ukraina.

Ing dékade pungkasaning abad angka 19, akèh wong Ukraina sing dipeksa déning pamaréntahaning Tsar saperlu pindhah marang wewengkon Asia ing tlatahing Rusia, déné akèh seduluré wong Slav sangisoré pamaréntahaning Austro-Hungaria pindhah menyang Jagat Anyar saperlu golèk pagawéyan lan panguripan sing luwih apik.[29] Saiki, akèh minoritas golongan ètnis Ukraina sing ndunungi Rusia, Kanada, lan Amérikah Sarékat , Brazil, Kazakhstan, Italia lan Argèntina.[30] Miturut sawenèh sumber, udakara 20 yuta wong ing sanjabané wewengkon Ukraina, nduwé katurunan ètnis Ukraina,[31][32][33] nanging data resmi saka sawenèh nagara mratélakaké yèn gunggunge wong-wong mau ora punjul 10 yuta. Wong Ukraina iku minangka salah sijining golongan ètnis kanthi diaspora sing paling akèh sakdonya.[butuh sitiran]

Golongan sub ètnisBesut

Ing golongan ètnis Ukraina, ana sawenèh golongan sub ètnis sing mirunggan, kususé ing Ukraina Kulon: ing wewengkon kaya Zakarpattia lan Halychyna. Ing antarané golongan sub ètnis iku sing paling kawentar ya iku wong Hutsul,[34] wong Volhynians, wong Boykos lan wong Lemko (uga dikenal minangka wong Rusyn – turunané saka wong Ruthenians),[35] sing saben golongané nduwé papan panggonan, dihialèk, klambi, lan tradhisi sing mirunggan. Ana sawenèh ancangan ngenani bab asalé golongan-golongan iki. Sawenèh golongan sub ètnis sing ana, kaprabawani déning nagara-nagara tanggané, nanging miturut sumber-sumber sing ana, golongan-golongan iki kalebu ing golongan ètnis Ukraina sing umum.


RujukanBesut

CathetanBesut

  1. a b c d e f Statistics include non-primary ancestry reports. "Ukrainians" being of partial descent figured in numbers.
  2. see also Prudentópolis, Brazil.

Cathetan sukuBesut

  1. "People groups: Ukrainian". Joshua Project. Dijupuk 15 March 2016. 
  2. Vic Satzewich (2003). The Ukrainian Diaspora. Routledge. k. 19. ISBN 978-1-134-43495-4. 
  3. "Number and composition population of Ukraine: population census 2001". State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. 5 December 2001. Diarsip saka sing asli ing 6 July 2007. Dijupuk 5 August 2007. 
  4. a b Ethnic composition of the population of the Russian Federation / Information materials on the final results of the 2010 Russian census (ing basa Ruslan)
  5. "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables". STATCAN. 2012. Dijupuk 18 March 2016. 
  6. "Total ancestry categories tallied for people with one or more ancestry categories reported: 2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. 2011. Dijupuk 15 March 2016. 
  7. "People of Ukrainian descent in Brazil". Parana.pr.gov.br. Diarsip saka sing asli ing 2007-03-12. Dijupuk 2012-11-02. 
  8. "Moldova". 
  9. Агентство Республики Казахстан по статистике: Численность населения Республики Казахстан по отдельным этносам на 1 января 2012 года
  10. a b "Inmigración Ucrania a la República Argentina" [Ukrainian immigration to Argentina]. Ucrania.com (ing basa Spanyol). 3 February 2008. Diarsip saka sing asli ing 27 December 2013. 
  11. "La inmigración Ucrania a la República Argentina" [Ukrainian immigration to Argentina]. Ucrania.com (ing basa Spanyol). Diarsip saka sing asli ing 7 February 2005. Dijupuk 5 August 2007. 
  12. "I cittadini non comunitari regolarmente soggiornanti" [Non-EU citizens residing legally] (PDF). ISTAT - National Institute of Statistics (ing basa Italia). 2016. Dijupuk 29 September 2016. 
  13. "Zensusdatenbank - Ergebnisse des Zensus 2011". Dijupuk 25 April 2015. 
  14. "Pressemitteilungen - Ausländische Bevölkerung - Statistisches Bundesamt (Destatis)" [Press Releases - Foreign population - Federal Statistical Office (Destatis)]. German Federal Statistical Office (ing basa Jérman). 16 March 2015. Dijupuk 15 March 2016. 
  15. "Belarus National Census 2009. Ethnic composition". National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2009. Diarsip saka sing asli ing 6 July 2011. Dijupuk 27 December 2010. 
  16. "Number of foreigners in the CR". Czech Statistical Office. 31 May 2008. Diarsip saka sing asli ing 29 August 2009. 
  17. "Ethnic Atlas of Uzbekistan". Statistical Office of Uzbekistan. library.cjes.ru. Dijupuk 28 March 2011. [pranala mati]
  18. "Foreign population on 31 December 2004 by country of origin". Federal Statistical Office of Germany. 24 January 2006. Diarsip saka sing asli ing 26 February 2007. Dijupuk 5 August 2007. 
  19. ""De estos 224.000 “ex-soviéticos”, la comunidad más grande corresponde a los ucranianos (88.207)"" [Foreign population residing in Spain - 2014] (ing basa sp). 2014. Dijupuk 16 August 2016. 
  20. "População estrangeira residente em território nacional - 2009" [Foreign population residing in Portugal - 2009] (PDF) (ing basa Portugis). 2011. Dijupuk 18 March 2016. 
  21. Przynależność narodowo-etniczna ludności – wyniki spisu ludności i mieszkań 2011. GUS. Materiał na konferencję prasową w dniu 29. 01. 2013. p. 3. Retrieved 2013-03-06.
  22. "Romanian 2011 census" (PDF). www.edrc.ro. Dijupuk 2011-12-13. 
  23. "On key provisional results of Population and Housing Census 2011 | Latvijas statistika". Csb.gov.lv. 2012-01-18. Dijupuk 2012-10-30. 
  24. Russia’s Language Could Be Ticket in for Migrants A large portion of Ukrainians speak Russian
  25. Khmelko, V. (2004). Лінгво-етнічна структура України: Регіональні особливості та тенденції змін за року незалежності [Linguo-Ethnic structure of Ukraine: Regional features and tendencies to changes post-independence] (PDF) (ing basa Ukraina). Kyiv International Institute of Sociology. Dijupuk 15 March 2016. 
  26. a b "Ukrainians". Encyclopediaofukraine.com. 1990-07-16. Dijupuk 2012-10-30.  in: Roman Senkus et al. (eds.), The Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine, revised and updated content based on the five-volume Encyclopedia of Ukraine (University of Toronto Press, 1984–93) edited by Volodymyr Kubijovyc (vols. 1–2) and Danylo Husar Struk (vols. 3–5). Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies (CIUS) (University of Alberta/University of Toronto).
  27. "Ukrainian: definition". merriam-webster.com. Dijupuk 15 March 2016. 
  28. Ukrainians in Russia's Far East try to maintain community life. The Ukrainian Weekly. 4 May 2003.
  29. "See map: Ukrainians: World Distribution". Encyclopedia of Ukraine. Dijupuk 30 October 2012. 
  30. "History and ethnic relations in Ukraine", Every Culture
  31. "UWC continually and diligently defends the interests of over 20 million Ukrainians". Ukrainian Canadian Congress. 25 May 2010. Dijupuk 2 November 2012. 
  32. "Ukrainian diaspora abroad makes up over 20 million". Ukrinform.ua. 28 August 2009. Diarsip saka sing asli ing 5 January 2012. Dijupuk 2 November 2012. 
  33. "20 million Ukrainians live in 46 different countries of the world". Ukraine-travel-advisor.com. 5 December 2001. Diarsip saka sing asli ing 29 March 2007. Dijupuk 2 November 2012. 
  34. "A Ukrainian ethnic group which until 1946 lived in the most western part of Ukraine – Hutsuls". Encyclopediaofukraine.com. 1919-01-07. Dijupuk 2012-11-02. 
  35. "A Ukrainian ethnic group which until 1946 lived in the most western part of Ukraine – Lemkos". Encyclopediaofukraine.com. 1945-08-16. Dijupuk 2012-11-02. 

SumberBesut

Sumber onlineBesut

  • Vasyl Balushok, "How Rusyns Became Ukrainians", Zerkalo Nedeli (the Mirror Weekly), July 2005. Available in Russian and in Ukrainian.
  • Vasyl Balushok, "When was the Ukrainian nation born?", Zerkalo Nedeli (the Mirror Weekly), April 23 – May 6, 2005. Available in Russian and in Ukrainian.
  • Dmytro Kyianskyi, "We are more "Russian" then they are: history without myths and sensationalism", Zerkalo Nedeli (the Mirror Weekly), January 27 – February 2, 2001. Available in Russian and in Ukrainian.
  • Oleg Chirkov, "External migration - the main reason for the presence of a non-Ukrainian ethnic population in contemporary Ukraine". Zerkalo Nedeli (the Mirror Weekly), January 26 – February 1, 2002. Available in Russian and in Ukrainian.
  • Halyna Lozko, "Ukrainian ethnology. Ethnographic division of Ukraine" Available in Ukrainian.

Pranala njabaBesut