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Nowruz (Pèrsi: نوروز‎‎ Nowruz, [nouˈɾuːz]; tegesé "dina anyar" utawa "dina nganyari") ya iku sebutané Taun Anyar Iran,[30][31] kang uga dikenal minangka Taun Anyar Pèrsi,[32][33] sing dipèngeti ing saindenging donya déning wong Iran, bebarengan karo sawenèh golongan ètno-basa, minangka dina kawitan saka Taun Anyar.

Nowruz
نوروز
Wheatgrass.jpg
Nandur wheatgrass mujudaké salah sawijining tradhisi sadurungé Nowruz.
Uga ingaranBasa Albani: Novruzit[note 1]
Basa Azéri: Novruz, نوروز, Новруз
Basa Bashkir: Науруз, Nawruz
Basa Crimean Tatar: Navrez, Наврез
Basa Dari: نوروز‎, Nauruz
Basa Géorgia: ნავრუზი, Navruzi[note 2]
Basa Gujarat: નવરોઝ, Navarōjha
Basa Polen: Nowy Rok
Basa Slovak: Nový Rok
Kazakh: Наурыз, Nawryz, ناۋ‎رىز
Basa Kurdhi: نەورۆز‎, Newroz[note 3]
Kyrgyz: Нооруз, Nooruz, نوورۇز
Lezgian: Яран Сувар, Yaran Suvar
Basa Ossetian: Новруз, Novruz[note 4]
Basa Pushto: نوروز‎, Nawruz
Basa Tabassaran: Эбелцан, Ebeltsan
Basa Tajik: Наврӯз, Navro‘z
Basa Tatar: Нәүрүз, Näwrüz, نەوروز
Basa Tati: Nuruz, نوروز
Basa Turki: Nevruz
Basa Turkmèn: Newruz, Невруз, نوروز
Basa Urdu: نوروز, Nawrūz
Basa Uyghur: نورۇز‎, Noruz, Норуз
Basa Uzbèk: Navruz, Навруз, نەۋرۇز
Dipèngeti Iran
 Afghanistan
 Albania[1][2]
 Azerbaijan
 China (déning wong Tajik saka Xinjiang lan Wong Turkic)[3]
 Georgia[4]
 India (déning wong Parsi)[5]
 Iraq (déning Wong Kurdhi lan wong Turkmen saka Irak)[6]

 Kazakhstan[7]
 Kyrgyzstan[7]
 Pakistan (déning wong Pashtuns lan wong Baloch)[8]
 Russia (déning wong Tabasaran, wong Crimean Tatars, lsp.)[9]
 Syria (déning wong Kurdhi)[10][11]
 Tajikistan[12]
 Turkey (déning wong Azerbaijan ing Turki, wong Kurdhi lan wong Yörük)[13][14]
 Turkmenistan[15]
 Uzbekistan

JinisNasiyonal, golongan ètnis, internasiyonal
AncasPrèi Taun Anyar
Tanggal19, 20, utawa 21 Maret
Tanggal ing 2018Selasa 20 Maret 2018
tabuh 16:15 UTC *
Tanggal ing 2019Rebo 20 Maret 2019
tabuh 21:58 UTC *
Tanggal ing 2020Jumuwah 20 Maret 2020
tabuh 03:50 UTC *
Tanggal ing 2021Setu 20 Maret 2021
tabuh 09:37 UTC *
Frékuwènsiannual

Sanajan aslaé saka Iran lan agama Zoroastrianismé, Nowruz uga dipèngeti déning wong-wong saka manéka warna paguyuban ètno-basa. Nowruz uwis dipèngeti suwèné luwih saka 3.000 taun ing Asia Kulon, Asia Tengah, ing wewengkon Kaukasus, ing sakupengé Black Sea Basin, lan ing wewengkon Balkan.[34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42] Nowruz dianggep minangka pèngetan sing sékulèr déning wong-wong sing ngrayakaké, saka manèka warna agama utawa kapracayan, nanging tetep dadi dina kang suci kanggoné pangrasuk Zoroastrianisme.[43]

Nowruz iku dina anané prastawa vernal equinox, lan dadi titikan mangsa semi ing Bumi Sisih Lor. Iku uga dadi titikané dina kawitan saka sasi kawitan (Farvardin) ing kalèndher Iran.[44] Nowruz biyasané dirayakaké ing tanggal 21 Maret utawa dina sadurungé utawa dina sawisé, gumantung saka wewengkon endi anggoné nitèni.

CathetanBesut

  1. Historical forms: Новрузит, نۉڤوزيت, Νοβρουζιτ
  2. Historical and proposed forms: ناڤروزى, Наврузи, Ναβρουζι, Նավրւզի
  3. Historical forms: Нәԝроз, Նաւրոզ
  4. Historical forms: ნოვრუზ, نوروز, Νοβρουζ

RujukanBesut

  1. "The World Headquarters of the Bektashi Order – Tirana, Albania". komunitetibektashi.org. Diarsip saka sing asli ing 18 August 2011. Dijupuk 25 April 2012. 
  2. "Albania 2010 Bank Holidays". Bank-holidays.com. Dijupuk 6 April 2010. 
  3. "Xinjiang Uygurs celebrate Nowruz festival to welcome spring". Xinhuanet.com. Diarsip saka sing asli ing 12 March 2017. Dijupuk 20 March 2017. 
  4. "Nowruz Declared as National Holiday in Georgia". civil.ge. 21 March 2010. Dijupuk 11 March 2013. 
  5. a b "Nowruz observed in Indian subcontinent". www.iranicaonline.org. Dijupuk 29 December 2013. 
  6. "20 March 2012 United Nations Marking the Day of Nawroz". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Iraq). Diarsip saka sing asli ing 13 May 2013. Dijupuk 18 April 2012. 
  7. a b c d "Celebrating Nowruz in Central Asia". fravahr.org. Diarsip saka sing asli ing 23 May 2007. Dijupuk 23 March 2007. 
  8. "Farsnews". FarsNews.com. Dijupuk 20 March 2017. 
  9. "Россия празднует Навруз [Russia celebrates Nowruz]". Golos Rossii (ing basa Russian). 21 March 2012. Dijupuk 11 March 2013. 
  10. a b "Arabs, Kurds to Celebrate Nowruz as National Day". Dijupuk 11 March 2013. 
  11. For Kurds, a day of bonfires, legends, and independence. Dan Murphy. 23 March 2004.
  12. a b "Tajikistan 2010 Bank Holidays". Bank-holidays.com. Dijupuk 6 April 2010. 
  13. [1] ANADOLU’DA NEVRUZ KUTLAMALARI
  14. a b Emma Sinclair-Webb, Human Rights Watch, "Turkey, Closing ranks against accountability", Human Rights Watch, 2008. "The traditional Nowrouz/Nowrooz celebrations, mainly celebrated by the Kurdish population in the Kurdistan Region in Iraq, and other parts of Kurdistan in Turkey, Iran, Syria and Armenia and taking place around March 21"
  15. a b "General Information of Turkmenistan". sitara.com. Diarsip saka sing asli ing 6 September 2012. Dijupuk 26 December 2012. 
  16. "2015 Official Bank Holidays Schedule". Bank of Albania. Dijupuk 20 March 2015. 
  17. "Nowruz message". U.S. Department of State. Diarsip saka sing asli ing 2 April 2015. Dijupuk 21 March 2015. 
  18. "Congratulations for the Start of the New Iranian Year! 1391". Dijupuk 21 March 2015. 
  19. "Crimean Tatars not celebrating Nowruz". 21 March 2014. Dijupuk 21 March 2015. 
  20. a b "Dagestan marks Nowruz". Dijupuk 21 March 2015. 
  21. "The Enduring Nowruz". 22 March 2010. Diarsip saka sing asli ing 2 April 2015. Dijupuk 21 March 2015. 
  22. Nowruz Eve among Mazandarani people
  23. "Nowruz celebrations". Euronews.com. 20 March 2013. Dijupuk 27 March 2013. 
  24. Lt. j.g. Keith Goodsell (March 7, 2011). "Key Afghan, US leadership plant trees for Farmer's Day". United States Central Command. Dijupuk 2012-12-03. 
  25. "Nowruz in Georgia and the Georgian Legacy in Iran". 28 March 2010. Dijupuk 21 March 2015. 
  26. "Nowruz in Takestan and Taleqan (Persian)". 20 March 2015. Dijupuk 20 March 2015. 
  27. "Farhang-e Tāti, Jahandoost Sabzalipour, Rasht: Farhang-e Iliya Press. Second. Edition in 2013" (PDF). March 2013. Dijupuk 20 March 2015. 
  28. "Do Uyghur Celebrate Chinese New Year?". Dijupuk 21 March 2015. 
  29. "Uzbek President says Hussein must be disarmed". Eurasianet.org. 2003-03-24. Diarsip saka sing asli ing February 2, 2008. Dijupuk 6 April 2010. 
  30. "Culture of Iran: No-Rooz, The Iranian New Year at Present Times". www.iranchamber.com. Dijupuk 1 February 2016. 
  31. Stausberg, Michael; Sohrab-Dinshaw Vevaina, Yuhan (2015). "The Iranian festivals: Nowruz and Mehregan". The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Zoroastrianism. John Wiley & Sons. kk. 494–495. ISBN 978-1118786277. 
  32. "NOWRUZ". Encyclopaedia Iranica. Nowruz, "New Day", is a traditional ancient festival which celebrates the starts of the Persian New Year. 
  33. Melton, J. Gordon (2011). Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. k. 620. ISBN 978-1598842067. Nowruz, an ancient spring festival of Persian origin (and the Zoroastrian New Year's day)... 
  34. "General Assembly Recognizes 21 March as International Day of Nowruz, Also Changes to 23–24 March Dialogue on Financing for Development - Meetings Coverage and Press Releases". UN.org. Dijupuk 20 March 2017. 
  35. Kenneth Katzman (2010). Iran: U. S. Concerns and Policy Responses. DIANE Publishing. Dijupuk 24 February 2015. 
  36. General Assembly Fifty-fifth session 94th plenary meeting Friday, 9 March 2001, 10 a.m. New York. United Nations General Assembly. 9 March 2001. Dijupuk 2010-04-06. 
  37. J. Gordon Melton (13 September 2011). Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations [2 volumes]: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations. ABC-CLIO. Dijupuk 24 February 2015. 
  38. "Nowrooz, a Persian New Year Celebration, Erupts in Iran – Yahoo! News". News.yahoo.com. 2010-03-16. Diarsip saka sing asli ing 2010-03-22. Dijupuk 6 April 2010. 
  39. "U.S. mulls Persian New Year outreach". Washington Times. 2010-03-19. Dijupuk 2010-04-06. 
  40. "National holidays and key dates in the Kurdistan Region's history". Kurdistan Regional Government. Kurdistan Regional Government. Dijupuk 16 February 2015. 
  41. Historical Dictionary of the Kurds, Michael M. Gunter.
  42. Jaclyn, Michael. Nowruz Curriculum Text. Harvard University. 
  43. Xenophon and His World: Papers from a Conference Held in Liverpool in July 1999. 1 July 1999. Dijupuk 17 March 2010. 
  44. "What Is Norooz? Greetings, History And Traditions To Celebrate The Persian New Year". International Business Times. Dijupuk 1 February 2016.